MANIMAHESH LAKE TREKS
Manimahesh Parikarma
Manimahesh Kalah Trek
Manimahesh Lake Snow Trek - 2014
Manimahesh Kailash Yatra - 2014
Kamal Kund Glacier Trek
  LAHAUL VALLEY TREKS
Kalicho Pass Trek
Chobia Pass Trek
Neelkanth Mahadev Trek
Kugti Pass Trek
  BRAHMPURA VALLEY TREKS
Lam Dal Trek
Hanghar Pass Trek
Jalsu Pass Trek
Bara Bhangal Trek
Baleni Pass Trek
Indrahar Pass Trek
Gaj Pass Trek
Mountain of Lakes Expedition
  HIMALYAN JEEP SAFARI
Lauhal - Spiti Valley Jeep Safari
Leh - Ladakh Magic Pack
Pangi - Lauhal Valley Jeep Safari
Trans Himalayan Jeep Safari
  PILGRIMAGE TREKS & TOURS
ShriKhand Mahadev Trek
Kinnar Kailash Parikrama
Shrikhand Mahadev Yatra -2013
Twin Kailash Trek
  ANNA SPECIALS
Himachal Temple Dharshan Pack
Kugti Summer Mazic Pack
Destination Chamba
Himachal Darshan Pack
Educational and Adventure Camps
  Manimahesh Kailash Yatra - 2014
Manimahesh Yatra By Helicopter -2014
MANIMAHESH YATRA -2014 BY TREK
Manimahesh Kailash Parikrama -2014
MANIMAHESH YATRA -2014 BY HORSE

Shrikhand Mahadev Yatra -2013
Shimla -Damahar - Bhim Talai - Parvati Bagh -Shrikhand Mahdev - Thachdu - Thachdu- Damahar - Shimla

Himachal Darshan Pack
Delhi - Dalhousie -Chamba- Kangra- Manali- Shimla -Chandigarh- Delhi

Leh - Ladakh Magic Pack
Leh - Pangong Lake- Nubra Valley - Khardung la - Leh

Lam Dal Trek
Pathankot - Bharmour - Chatrari- Barie - Lam Dal - Chamba - Pathankot

Trans Himalayan Jeep Safari
Manali – Lahual Valley - Leh – Ladakh – Srinagar

Lauhal - Spiti Valley Jeep Safari
Experience the Magic of Moon Lake and cool & Calm Spiti Valley

Pangi - Lauhal Valley Jeep Safari
Experience the Jeep Safari in the remotest Tribal area of Himachal

Educational and Adventure Camps
Introduction with Trekking / Hiking / downhill repelling techniques,

Destination Chamba
Tailor -Made -Package

Hanghar Pass Trek
Bharmour - Holi - Kiur Dal - Over Hanghar Pass - Kandi - Palampur - Dharamshala

Neelkanth Mahadev Trek
Bharmour -Hadsar - Kugti - Jalmah - Kamring - Naingarh - Neelkanth Mahadev - Chokhang - Udaipur - Keylong - Rohtang Pass - Manali

Chobia Pass Trek
Bharmour– Chobia - Chobia Pass -Trilokinath- Udaipur -Kelong - Rohtang Pass - Manali

Thamsar Pass Trek
Bharmour - Holi – Nayagram - Dharadi - Bara Bhanghal – Beed Khas - Dharamshala

Mountain of Lakes Expedition
Bharmour-Chatrari-Samra- Kali Kund lake- Lam Dal Lake- Chander Koop Dal Lake – Inderhar Pass -Naag Dall - - Kuarsi - Bharmour

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HIDDEN TREASURES OF BHARMOUR

Bharmour is totally unexplored to whole world so full of hidden treasures like Holy places, hidden sanctuaries, wild life and medicinal plants etc. Many visitors come to Bharmour for meditation, traveling, trekking, researches of wild life, medicinal herbs, to study the tradition and custom of local peoples of Bharmour.

Manimahesh and Chaurasi temples are world famous destination in Bharmour, which is known for pilgrimage visit to Manimahesh Lake, Manimahesh Kailash and a complex of 84 ancient temples at Bharmour. Kugti, Chobia, Kalicho, Inderhar, Gujj and Thamsar passes are high altitude pass in the Himalayan range and attract the trekker toward themselves.

Kugti and Tundah sanctuaries are full of hidden Himalayan flora and fauna, and attract researcher for research. Followings are main hidden treasures of Bharmour. There are many people in the world those who come to hill station seeking seclusion to satisfy their hidden motives, many travelers come for sightseeing, to gain knowledge and to relax in natural environment and even for meditation. Such people often checkup web sites.

This website is to help those who want to dip in the nature and natural studies; we help them to plan their researches, journey and vacations. This part of this web site is specially made for the needs of conscious personalities and wants to dip in the natural researches. We help in their planning and provide comfortable environment for researches.

  1. MANIMAHES KAILASH AND LAKE
  2. CHAURASI TEMPLES
  3. KUGTI SANCTUARY
  4. TUNDHA SANCTUARY
  5. FLORA AND FAUNA IN BHARMOUR

 


1. MANIMAHESH KAILASH AND LAKE

(BEST PERIOD - 15APRIL TO OCTOBER)

Manimahesh Lake is situated at 27 km from Bharmour at the foot of Manimahesh Kailash. Lord Shiva is believed to reside on this snow-covered mountain. The lake and peak are considered sacred and a fair called as Manimahesh fair (Manimahesh Yatra) is held at the lake each and every year in the month of August and September; the yatra held from Janamastmi to Radhastami each and every year. It is believed that on this occasion both Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati gets the bath in the Lake.

For this holy moment lacks of peoples comes from the country and abroad to take holy dip in the Manimahesh Lake. Providing a rare occasion to see and study the customs and rituals of the local people. And the glorious views of Manimahesh Kailash in the morning and at the time of sun rising touches the hearts of visitors. Regarding Manimahesh Kailash it is said that no one has been able to climb to the peak. Local legends clarifying that people point out rock projections, human-like in appearance, and say that one is of a hermit, the other is of a shepherd, frozen stiff during their futile effort to reach the top of Manimahesh Kailash. Many holy places come in the way to Manimahesh, at the distance of 6 km from Hadsar, a Dhancho famous for water fall and after 5km from Dhancho Gourikund come. Gauri is another name of Parvati, the consort of Lord Shiva.

A dip in this lake is considered sacred because it is believed that Parvati used to bath in this lake and only ladies are allowed to take dip in the kund. About one kilometer ahead is the Shiva Kalotri spring-said to have its source in Lord Shiva's feet. Two kilometer from Shiva Kalotri Kamal kund is situated in the foot of Manimahesh Kailash. After a short run from Gauri kund reaches the Manimahesh Lake is shallow circular lake gives it an enchanting appearance. A roofless temple, conspicuous with many iron trinkets, is seen on the opposite side. For beginner trekkers Manimahesh trek is the best route for beginning as the gradient is good and also provide pilgrimage visit to Manimahesh Lake.

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2. ANCIENT CHAURASI TEMPLES

(BEST PERIOD – 12 MONTH)

Chaurasi was the level area on which these eighty four temples were standing and the name was attributed to the 84 Sidhas who are believed to have meditated in Bharmour over 100 years who supposed to come from Kurukshetra while visiting to Manimahesh Kailash. The Chaurasi Temple Complex offers you a delightful, clean and a scenic view. The complex is surrounded by numerous schools. The most extraordinary site of the complex is the tallest temple of Manimahesh, which is built in the Shikhara style of architecture. Another temple built in the same style is that of Lord Vishnu cast in his Nar Singh Avatar.

Bharmour once known as Brahmpura, was between the 6th and 10th centuries, the capital of the princely state of Chamba. It is renowned for its cluster of temples collectively known as the ‘Chaurasi’. Though of varying architectural design, these temples are noted for their fine workmanship. Legend has that in the 10th century, 84 Sidhas (holy men) visited Bharmour, they blessed the ruler Raja Sahil Varman with ten sons and a daughter Champavati whom the town of Chamba is said to be named. And while some shrines were already in existence, the Raja had the remainder built to commemorate their sojourn.

These include the Lakhna Devi Temple, the Ganesh Temple and the Nar Singh Temple. Installed in the sanctum of the Lakhna Devi Temple is an exquisite brass image of the goddess. The temple of Lord Dharamraj is also in Chaurasi complex which is only one in the world and it supposed to be that all souls come here after death and get the justice from Lord Dharamraj.

THE MAIN ATTRACTIONS OF CHAURASI ARE :

  1. Ganesha temple (belongs to Lord Ganesh)
  2. Manimahesh temple (belongs to Lord Shiva)
  3. Nar Singh temple (belongs to Lord Vishnu)
  4. Maa Lakhna Devi (belongs to Goddess Mahisasurvardni)
  5. Maa Shitla temple (belongs to Goddess Shitla)
  6. Maa Chamunda temple (belongs to Goddess Chamunda)
  7. Hanuman temple (belongs to Lord Hanuman/ Bajrangbali)
  8. Kartik Temple (belongs to Lord Kartik)
  9. Dharameshwar Mahadev temple (belongs to Lord Dharamraj only one in the whole world)
  10. Nandi temple (belongs to Lord Nandi)
  11. Jai krishan Giriji temple (belongs to Saint Jai krishan Giriji Maharaj)
  12. Trameshwar Mahadev, Bijleshwar Mahadev, Moniling Mahadev, Suryaling Mahadev, Gyarahrudhra Mahadev (all temples belongs to Lord Shiva)
  13. Ard Ganga holy Pool (used for holy bath on the occasion of Janamastmi)

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3. THE KUGTI WILDLIFE SANCTUARY

(BEST PERIOD - MAY TO OCTOBER)

Kugti wild life sanctuary is located at an altitude of 2250 meter and lies between Latitudinal range 32°22´ to 32°35´ N; Longitudinal range 76°44´ to 76°53´E; in Bharmour of Chamba District of Himachal Pradesh. This sanctuary has an area of 37,886.68 hectare (378.87 sq. km). It has also Pir Panjal Himalayan range. The topography of the area is mountainous having altitudinal range of 2000 meter to 5000 meters from sea level, and includes different zones like temperate (2000-2800m), upper temperate (2800-3300m), subalpine (3300-3600m) and alpine zone >3600m.

From December to March, temperature remains less than 10º C and comes down to 0º C because of heavy snowfall. The change over from winter to summer is gradual. During March and April, weather is cool and bright, and the temperature begins to rise rapidly after the middle of April and continue till end of the rainy season in July. The months of October and November are comparatively dry and cold weather usually starts by the middle of November. The annual rainfall in the Kugti wildlife sanctuary is recorded 1400mm.

As a whole, the climate is temperate with well-marked seasons. The south facing physical environment in the Kugti wildlife sanctuary can be described as rocky terrain with frequent outcrops of huge boulders, slate and rock faces while north facing part of sanctuary are having dense mixed forests, rich in high-altitude Himalayan wildlife, and is one of the last homes of Himalayan tahr in Himachal Pradesh. It is also well-known as a source of many medicinal plants, abundant water resources, many originating from glaciers and a diverse topography add to the attraction of the area. To the west it is connected with Tundah Sanctuary by a forest corridor. The main occupation is farming and they grow more than two crops in a year followed by crop rotation.

Wheat (Triticum aestivum), Maize (Zea mays), barley (Hordum vulgare), rajma (Phaseolus sativus), potato (Solanum tuberosum) etc are the main crops. The mammalian fauna comprised brown bear (Ursus arctos), Asiatic black bear (Ursus thibetanus), Leopard (Panthera pardus), Himalayan Tahr (Hemitragus jemlahicus), Himalayan ibex (Capra ibex), Goral (Nemorhaedus goral), Common Langur (Presbytus entellus), porcupine (Hystrix indica) and the area also supports a small population of musk deer (Moschus chrysogaster)etc.

The best periods for visiting the sanctuary are May-October, when the weather is good. Kugti is snow bond area and bonded with snow for four to five months in year. Hence provide good time for researcher to research the snow habitats like Snow leopard, Goral, Himalayan Thar, Serow, Brown and black Bear, musk deer, birdlife, hidden flora and many more which are main habitats and vegetation of Kugti sanctuary. Forests are dense and mountains provides many medicinal plants and herbs like Aconitum heterophyllum (Potish), Podophylum hexandrum (Bankakudi), Angelica glauca (Chaora), Jurinea macrocephala (Dhoop), and Morchella esculenta (Guchhi) etc. are also extracted from the forest. There is an annual pilgrimage by lacks of people to the Mani Mahesh Lake; few people choose the path through the Kugti sanctuary. Kugti is famous for Kartik Temple and a way to Lauhal and Spiti through Kugti Pass. When Kugti pass is opened for local Gaddi shepherd to cross with their flocks to Lauhal valley, providing a rare occasion to see and study the customs and rituals of the local people.

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4. THE TUNDAH WILDLIFE SANCTUARY

(BEST PERIOD - APRIL TO OCTOBER)

A high altitude sanctuary in Bharmour of District Chamba (H.P.) at the Latitudinal range of 32°27´ to 32°40´ N; Longitudinal range of 76°27´ to 76°37´E; an area of 6422.08 hectare. (64.22sqkm). with good, though disturbed, habitat for Himalayan Thar, Ibex and pheasants. The area also supports a small population of Musk deer. It is connected to Kugti Sanctuary by a forest corridor to the east. Forest type includes Moist Deodar Forest Western Mixed Coniferous Forest and Alpine Pastures. Kail and Deodar were planted for commercial timber. A way goes through Tundah sanctuary to Lauhal valley over Kalicho Pass via Banni Mata. This sanctuary is almost same as Kugti sanctuary but differ by climate temperature and topography. The sanctuary is rich of birds, medicinal plant and herbs. Tundah sanctuary is easily approachable from road and can be visited through dense forest of sanctuary with experienced guide.

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5. FLORA AND FAUNA IN BHARMOUR

(BEST PERIOD - APRIL TO OCTOBER)

Bharmour is situated in the Pir Panjal ranges and Dhauladhar region of glorious Himalaya. Bharmour is snow bound area and bound for three to four months in the year. The area is mountainous and has dense forests which provide many types of great Himalayan flora and fauna. The territory of Bharmour is ideally suited for variety of wild animals and birds, since the forests are distributed from low elevation to the snow line and above. And the area is dwelt by a rich fauna. Bharmour is blessed with natural beauty, bearing beautiful resources with birds and animals which attract a multitude of enthusiastic tourists for sightseeing, sport and to rest in such surrounding. Thus bird watchers, photographers and biologists from country and abroad come to Bharmour for such studies. For researchers whom want to research, winter is the best season for the wild life and for flora like medicinal plant summer or autumn is best season in Bharmour.

Few of spices are given below (Resource Forest Department, Bharmour):

MEDICINAL HERBS IN BHARMOUR

S.NO. BOTANICAL NAME COMMON  NAME / LOCAL NAME
1 Aconitum chasmanthum Patis
2 Aconitum deinorhizum                        Mohari, VatsNa
3 Aconitum heterophyllum                     Attish
4 Angelica glauca Chaora
5 Arisaema helleberifolium Ki- kukri / Cobra plant
6 Arisaema wallichiana Ki- kukri / Cobra plant
7 Arisaema flavum Sanp -ki -makki
8 Artemisia brevifolia Seski
9 Asparagus racemosus Satawar
10 Atropa acuminata Zarka
11 Atropa belladona shafoo
12 Bergenia Ligulata (B. cilliata) Paashan Bhed
13 Carum carvi        Kala Jeera
14 Cinnamomum tamala Tej Patra
15 Colchicum luteum Surnjaa
16 Crocus sativus Kesar
17 Dactylorhiza hatageria Salampanja
18 Dioscorea deltoidea Singli-Mingli / Khildri
19 Ephedra gerardiana    Som
20 Gentiana kurroo           Kaud
21 Geradiana heterophyllus Bichh Buti
22 Hydrocolyle asiatica Brahmi Buti
23 Jurinea dolomiaea Dhoop
24 Morchella esculenta Guchi     
25 Mentha acquatica Pudina / Mint
26 Podophyllum emodi Ban Kakru
27 Polygonatum verticiliatum Salam mishri
28 Rumex nepalensis Amlora
29 Salvia glutinosa Makhiar / Dog flower
30 Saussurea lappa Kuth
31 Selinum vaginatum Bhoot kesi
32 Saxifraga ligulata Pathartor
33 Stramonium Dhatura
34 Taraxacum officinale Dudhali
35 Thalictrum foliolosum Machhar mar
36 Thymus sephylum Ban Ajwine
37 Valeriana wallichii Smak, Nahani, Mushakbala
38 Vebascum thapsus Giddar Tobacco
39 Viola serpens Banaksha  
40 Viola odorata Banaksha  
41 Withania somnifera Ashwgandha

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CLIMBERS IN BHARMOUR

S.NO. BOTANICAL NAME LOCAL NAME COMMON  NAME
1 Vitex negundo Bannah
2 Hedera helix Kural Ivy
3 Smilex parviflora  
4 Vitis latifolia Panibel The Virginian creeper
5 Vitis semocordata Panibel The Virginian creeper

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SHRUBS IN BHARMOUR

S.NO. BOTANICAL NAME LOCAL NAME COMMON  NAME
1 Agave Americana Ramban Century Plant
2 Ainslea aptera Mukh Nihani Airon’ Rod
3 Berberis aristata Kemal / Kasmal Daru Hardia
4 Chenopodium album Bathu
5 Cotoneaster acuminate Rhenus
6

Cotoneaster bacillaris

Rhenus

7

Cotoneaster microphylla

Rhenus
8

Cotoneaster vulgaris

Rhenus
9 Daphne cannabina

Niggi

10 Dendrocalamus strictus Ban
11 Desmodium tiliaefolium Pree
12 Deutzia corymbosa Batti  Wild Syringe
13 Eulaliopsis binata  
14 Euphorbia royleena    
15 Fragaria indica

Strawberry

Strawberry

16 Fragaria  vesca

Strawberry

Strawberry

17 Gallium asperifolium    
18 Gallium ptunifolium    
19 Girardiana heterophylla

Ain

 
20 Hamiltonia suaveolens

Padara

 
21 IIex dipyrena

Kanderu

The Holly

22 Indigofera pulchella    
23 Indigofera hirsuta    
24 Juniperus communis

Bither

Cedar

25 Juniperus recurva

Bither

Cedar

26 Lonicera angustifolia

Kantias

Honey suckle

27 Lonicera quinquelocularis

Bakhru

Honey suckle

28 Mimosa rubicaulis    
29 Oxalis corniculata

Malori

 
30 Parrotia jacquemontiana

Killar

Wych hazel

31 Plantago lanceolata

Isabgol

 
32 Plantago tibetica    
33 Plectranthus rugosus

kuthal

 
34 Potentilla spp    
35 Primulla spp    
36 Prinsepia utilis

Kangora

 
37 Pteris aquilina

Lingar

 
38 Rhamnus purpurea

Luhish

 
39 Rhus cotinus

Tung

 
40 Rhus parviflora

Tungla

 
41 Rosa macrophylla

Karer, Bangulab

 
42 Rubus biflorus

Akhe

Raspberry red

43 Rubus niveus

Akhe

Raspberry yellow

44 Sarcococca pruniformis

Diun

 
45 Sarcococca saligna

Diun

 
46 Staphylea emodi

Nagdaun Chitra

Snake wood

47 Strobilanthes dalhousianus    
48 Trifolium repens  

Clover white

49 Viburnum cotinifolium

Talanj

 
50 Viburnum foetens

Talanj

 
51

Viburnum nervosum

Talanj

 
52

Viburnum stellulatum

Talanj

 
53

Woodfordia floribunda

Dhawa

 
54

Woodfordia fruticosa

Dhawa

 

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TREES IN BHARMOUR

S.NO. BOTANICAL NAME   LOCAL NAME     COMMON  NAME
1 Abies pindrow Rai Silver Fir
2 Acer caesium Mandar Maple
3 Aesculus indica Goon Horse Chest Nut
4 Alnus nepalensis Piak Alder
5 Betula utilis Bhujpatra Bhoj patra
6 Cedrela serrata   Dhauri
7 Cedrela toona   Tuhn
8 Cedrus deodara Diyar Deodar
9 Celtis australis Khirak Nettle Tree
10 Cupressus torulosa Devidiyar Cyprus
11 Ficus benagalensis bar  
12 Ficus religiosa Papal  
13 Ficus roxburghii Tramba  
14 Fraxinus excelsior Sanooh Ash
15 Fraxinus Floribunda Sanooh Ash
16 Grewia vestita Dhaman  
17 Juglans regia Akhrot Walnut
18 Lannea grandis Jhingan  
19 Litsaea glutinosa Chirindi  
20 Machilus odoratissima Chirindi  
21 Morus alba Karun Mulberry
22 Morus serrata Karun Mulberry
23 Myricanagi Kaphal Mulberry
24 Olea cuspidataKahu kahu Wild olive
25 Picea smithiana Tosh Spruce
26 Pinus gerardiana Neoza Chilgoza pine
27 Pinus roxburghii Chir chil Chil pine
28 Pinus wallichiana Kail Blue pine
29 Populus alba paharipipal Poplar
30 Populus ciliata Chaloon Poplar
31 Pinica grarmtum Daru Wild pomegranate
32 Pyrus malus Seo Apple
33 Quercus dilatata Moru Green Oak
34 Quercus leucotrichophora Ban White Oak
35 Quercus semicarpifolia Kharsu Brown Oak
36 Rhododendronarbureum Cheo Red Rhododendron
37 Robinia Pseudoacacia Rabinia  
38 Salix alba Badha Willow
39 Salix babylonia Badha Willow
40 Taxus baccata Brami Yew

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WILD MAMMALS IN BHARMOUR

S.NO. COMMON NAME SCIENTIFIC NAME
1 The Snow Leopard Panther uncia (Schreber)
2 Tendua, Chitta Panther pardus (Linnaeus)
3 The Goral Nemorhedus goral ( Hardwicke)
4 The Serow Capricornis sumatraensis (Bechstein)
5 The Himalayan Thar Hemitragus jemilahicus
6 The Ibex Capra ibex (Linnaeus)
7 The brown Bear Ursus arctos(Linnaeus)
8 The Himalayan Black Bear Selenarctos thibetanus
9 The Musk Dear Moschus moschiferus(Linnaeus)
10 The Toddy Cat Paradoxurus hermaphroditus
11 The Leopard Cat Felis bengalensis kerr

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BIRD IN BHARMOUR

S.NO.

COMMON NAME

SCIENTIFIC NAME

1

Babbler, Jungle 

Turdoides striatus

2

Babbler, Redbilled 

Stachyris pyrrhops

3

Barbet, Crimsonthroated

Megalaima rubricapilla

4

Barbet, Great Hill

Megalaima virens

5

Bea-eater, Green

Merops orientalis

6

Bul-Bul, Black  

Hypsipetes madagascariensis

7

Bul-Bul, Redvented 

Pycnonotus cafer

8

Bul-Bul,White cheeked

Pycnonotus leucogenys

9

Bunting, Crested 

Melophus lathami

10

Bunting, Greyheaded

Emberiza fucata

11

Buzzard, Honey 

Pernis ptilorhyncus

12

Buzzard-eagle, White-eyed

Butastur teesa

13

Chat, Blue

Erithacus brunneus

Permitted Resource from : Forest Department, Bharmour

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